Bueger , p. It encompasses a so-called New Constructivism that, made up of practice theory and relationalism, is offering new approaches such as field theory, network analysis, and actor-network theory McCourt, Would it, thus, be appropriate to argue that pragmatist foreign policy theorizing is merely an addendum to IR constructivism? As Dewey [b] , p. It would obviously be misleading to claim that pragmatism does not constitute a paradigm or a tradition of thought. Yet, it would also be self-defeating if pragmatists propagated what Richard Rorty , pp.
Many constructivists sound as if such a vocabulary might be attainable indeed.
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Some IR scholars inspired by American Pragmatism also pursue an explicit normative agenda. In the context of debates about the dilemmas of humanitarian intervention, for instance, Bellamy , pp.
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Cochran , p. Pragmatism is not only held to have entered IR due to its anti-positivism in the s but also praised as a method of normative social inquiry Cochran, , p. According to Cochran , p. It can also be found in publications that grasp the social world in methodically fine-grained steps. In their examination of German foreign policy discourse, for instance, Roos and Rungius , pp.
They also explicitly theorize their subject matter normatively, yet as it behoves a pragmatist perspective without claiming ultimate justifications. One of the normatively most far-reaching claims by pragmatist scholars is advanced by Abraham and Abramson , pp. This is also an interesting exemplar of pragmatist scholarship that illustrates how explicitly normative pragmatist theorizing can transcend the divide between IR theory and foreign policy analysis. Summing it all up, American Pragmatism was absent when IR and FPA were formed according to the dominant disciplinary self-descriptions and it was only noticed in the discipline nearly 80 years after the first chair of international relations had been established in It took until the s for pragmatism to be discovered as a useful tool in attacking positivism Cochran, , p.
To fulfill these promises on an ever-larger scale in the future, the best thing pragmatist scholars can do is to engage in relevant research. Abraham, K. A pragmatist vocation for international relations: The global public and its problems. European Journal of International Relations , 23 1 , 26— Find this resource:.
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How to do things with words. The William James lectures Banchoff, T.
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